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Phonics at Manor Oak


Early-reading begins the moment children start their journey at Manor Oak, with phase 1 and 2 phonics being explicitly taught in our Nursery and leading into phase 3 in Reception. A substantial amount of time is spent within phase 1 to ensure that children have a strong foundation from which to build. When children enter KS1, previous learning is reviewed as part of our phonics lesson, as well as introducing children to more complex words in phase 4 and alternative sounds within phase 5. During year 2, children explore phase 6 and are exposed to spelling rules and patterns, which further supports their reading ability. Manor Oak uses the, 'Letters and sounds' scheme to provide the building blocks for their phonic lessons, which are adapted for the children in the class and incorporate interactive games and activities that appeal to all types of learners. 


Alongside these specific phonic lessons, within KS1, trained teaching assistants are assigned groups, with whom they read every afternoon for half an hour. These reading lessons include a focus on vocabulary, recognition of high frequency words and applying reading strategies to texts. The texts that children read, are closely aligned to their phonic ability and planned comprehension questions ensure that fluency and accuracy progresses. 


Within Key Stage 2, half-hourly reading lessons are taught daily, whereby children focus closely on a reading skill and apply this to a variety of texts, such as fiction, non-fiction and poetry. Children are exposed to plentiful high-quality texts, which both engage and enthuse, and help to widen children's use and control of language, which in turn, feed into their writing. Reading lessons typically involve exploration of a skill, peer-to-peer, individual or group reading and subsequent targeted questions. Where fluency and speed may still be required, intervention is put into place, aided by the PiXL Intervention programme. 


A love for reading is actively encouraged and promoted across Manor Oak. First and foremost, the sharing of texts by all staff within classrooms, assemblies and library time, exposes children to a number of authors and helps to plant a love of books from an early age. Texts are readily available at lunchtimes and staff and children alike are constantly sharing and exploring books together. Reading areas within classrooms encourage discussion about texts and further engage children's interest.