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At Manor Oak Primary School we believe that the development of language and English skills is of the highest priority. Manor Oak has a diverse intake of pupils who enter the school at various stages of language development. Our aim is for all children to develop the necessary skills to become effective and confident users of the English language.


Manor Oak’s English Curriculum recognises the current thinking on the New National Curriculum as well as harnessing aspects of other creative and innovative approaches including the CLPE’s Power of Reading (PoR) and Pie Corbett’s Talk for Writing in order to provide a broad, balanced and interesting scheme of work which provides for and challenges all children at their own level.




As a school we aim to:

  • Deliver an effective curriculum for English that is varied, challenging and exciting.
  • Deliver a curriculum that inspires children to write for a variety of purposes using a text based approach as the primary context for learning.
  • Raise standards by developing good and outstanding practice.
  • Ensure continuity and progression in English throughout the school.
  • Ensure that children develop a lifelong love of reading and can read fluently and with good understanding.
  • Ensure that children have the knowledge and skills to communicate effectively within a range of contexts including:
    • writing clearly, accurately and coherently, adapting their language and style in and for a range of contexts, purposes and audiences

    • acquiring a wide vocabulary, an understanding of grammar and knowledge of linguistic conventions for reading, writing and spoken language

    • using discussion in order to learn, elaborating and explaining clearly their understanding and ideas

  • Create opportunities for developing the powers of imagination, creativity and critical thinking.


The National Curriculum


We deliver the National Curriculum for English by following the ‘The National Curriculum in England Framework Document – July 2014’.


The National Curriculum clearly outlines what must be taught within each Key Stage. Manor Oak teaches children to understand a range of genres, building on children’s understanding year after year, ensuring continuity and progression in the teaching of English (See genre map below for more detail).


Manor Oak adopts a topic-based approach to English where possible. Genres are matched to topics studied in the afternoon to provide a relevant stimulus for work. This means that the children are equipped with the skills and tools needed to write fluently for a range of meaningful purposes throughout the years. It also provides a range of meaningful cross curricular writing opportunities.


Organisation of English
Early Years and Foundation Stage (EYFS)
Nursery and Reception incorporate the different elements of Communication and Language and Literacy throughout their day. Phonics sessions take place daily. Narrative therapy and small group speech and language support is a focus in Nursery and Reception in line with the EYFS prime area of learning communication and language. 


In KS1 and KS2, a minimum of 90 minutes is dedicated to teaching reading, writing, speaking and listening and SPAG every day. In addition to this, Key Stage 1 also has an extra 30 minutes teaching phonics.


Key Stage One

Phonics: In KS1 phonics is taught for a minimum of 30 minutes each day. These lessons are based on 'Letters and Sounds' and are set by ability across Year 1 and Year 2.
Writing and SPAG: 60 minutes is used to teach the Power of Reading and/or Pie Corbett’s Talk for Writing where high quality books are often used as inspiration for teaching the skills of writing and SPAG.
Reading: 30 minutes is used to teach and practise reading skills. During this 30 minutes up to 7 adults are based in the classroom allowing for children to be taught and to practise their reading skills in small groups. This means that every child is listened to read daily and gets to practise their reading skills and participate in book discussions on a daily basis.

Key Stage Two
Writing and SPAG: 60 minutes is used to teach Pie Corbett’s Talk for Writing and/ or the Power of Reading, where high quality books are often used as inspiration for teaching the skills of writing and SPAG.

Reading: 30 minutes (or 45 minutes twice a week) is used to teach and practise reading skills.
Reading and writing lessons are taught in whole class groups where possible. For those children that need a slightly different programme of study, the SENCo tailors and arranges a programme of study on the provision map to meet the individual needs of the children.




At Manor Oak, we follow the DfE Letters and Sounds document to teach phonics from Reception through to Year Two. We also use supplementary resources to ensure that phonics is taught in a multi-sensory way, such as those from 'Success For All', 'Ruth Miskin' and 'Jolly Phonics'. These resources are also used to support the children in developing their early reading and writing skills. We monitor children's progress in phonics carefully and provide additional support as needs are identified.  We expect all pupils to pass the Phonics test by the end of Key Stage 1, as some pupils need extra time to develop speech and language and to consolidate their sounds. 


What is Power of Reading?


The school has adopted a ‘Power of Reading’ approach to writing, which engages teachers and children in the English curriculum through the use of high quality books and proven teaching approaches (e.g. book talk, discussion, drama and role-play). Every class chooses a book(s) as a focus for their writing. Depending on the length of the text, the class will focus on one book for between 3 to 6 weeks and produce a range of writing for different purposes and in different genres. This book fits in with the creative topic driver where possible, allowing greater cross-curricular links. Wherever possible we encourage children to use and apply their learning in other areas of the curriculum. The Power of Reading approach to writing allows children to engage with a specific text creatively in order to learn the writing skills through reading and engaging with a key story.


What is Talk for Writing?


Talk for Writing enables children to imitate the key language they need for a particular topic orally before they try reading and analysing it. Through fun activities that help them rehearse the tune of the language they need, followed by shared writing to show them how to craft their writing, children are helped to write in the same style.